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New Dinosaur Species Which is close relative with triceratops (1)

New Dinosaur Species Which is close relative with triceratops, the regaliceratops, discovered in Canada

New Dinosaur Species Which is close relative with triceratops (1)

An artist’s reconstruction of the new horned dinosaur Regaliceratops peterhewsi. Illustration: Julius T. Csotonyi/Royal Tyrrell Museum, Drumheller, Alberta.

When fossil experts first clapped eyes on the skull, it was clearly from a strange, horned dinosaur. When they noticed how stunted the bony horns were, its nickname, Hellboy, was assured.

The near-complete skull of the 70 million-year-old beast was spotted by chance 10 years ago, protruding from a cliff that runs along the Oldman river south of Calgary in Alberta, Canada.

Painstakingly excavated, cleaned up and measured since then, the fossilised remains have now been identified as a relative of the three-horned triceratops, and the first example of a horned dinosaur to be found in that region of North America.

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The near-complete regaliceratops skull, first spotted protruding from a cliff in Alberta, Canada. Photograph: Sue Sabrowski/Royal Tyrrell Museum, Drumheller, Alberta

Like triceratops, the new species was a herbivore. But it sported a more impressive shield, or frill, at the back of its skull, decorated with large triangular and pentagonal plates. The extraordinary features led researchers to name the new species Regaliceratops peterhewsi, a reference to the impressive crown-like frill, and to Peter Hews, a Calgary-based geologist who first spotted part of the skull jutting from the rockface in 2005.

Researchers came up with the Hellboy nickname long before they had liberated the full skull from the cliff face. The main reason was that the rock the fossil was embedded in was incredibly hard, making excavation a hellish, and years-long, task. That job was made even tougher because the Oldman river is a protected fish-breeding ground, meaning the scientists had to erect a dam at the site to prevent debris from the excavation falling into the river.

“It was a coincidence, but when we noticed that the skull had these short horns over the eyes, that really solidified the nickname,” Caleb Brown at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology in Alberta told the Guardian. In the Hellboy comics and movies, the eponmymous demon grinds his horns to stumps with an electric sander to help him fit in with mere mortals.

But the horns of the dinosaur tell a more interesting story. Triceratops belonged to a group of horned dinosaurs called chasmosaurines. These had a small horn over the nose and two larger horns over the eyes. And while regaliceratops is definitely a chasmosaurine, it has a long nose horn and puny horns over its eyes. These features, opposite to those characteristic of triceratops, are seen in a different group of horned dinosaurs, called centrosaurines, which were extinct by the time regaliceratops came along.

The bizarre mix of features is an example of convergent evolution, where one species evolves bodily characteristics that arose separately in other species through the course of prehistory. Brown and his colleague, Donald Henderson, describe the creature’s remains in Current Biology.

“This is a really interesting new dinosaur,” said Steve Brusatte, a vertebrate paleontologist at Edinburgh University. “It’s a close relative of triceratops, but it’s horns and skull frill are very different. They look a lot more like other types of horned dinosaurs that lived earlier in time, which went extinct before triceratops thrived.

“What it’s indicating is that there was massive convergence between the horns and frills of those horned dinosaurs that were thriving during the final few million years before the asteroid hit and killed off the dinosaurs. Because this new dinosaur is one of the latest surviving horned dinosaurs, living at a similar time as triceratops, it is also telling us that horned dinosaurs remained quite diverse right until the end. To me, this is a strong hint that these dinosaurs were at or near the top of their game when that asteroid fell out of the sky,” he said.

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Jurassic World Unleashes A Ton Of Dinosaur Mayhem In New Footage From CinemaCon

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It was just this past Sunday that Universal Pictures released the brand new trailer for Jurassic World, revealing some previously unseen footage, and putting on a show of some serious dinosaur action. Well, it turns out that wasn’t the only big preview that the studio had planned for the upcoming blockbuster this week, as a brand new sizzle reel just debuted at CinemaCon.

Wrapping up the week for the Las Vegas-based theater owners convention, Universal had their big studio presentation this afternoon, and after showing off a great deal of footage from a number of films on their upcoming slate, the company closed things out by debuting clips from Jurassic World edited together for the CinemaCon crowd. Director Colin Trevorrow and star Chris Pratt were on hand to introduce the footage, promising big things for the blockbuster this summer.

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Rather surprisingly, the reel began with not dinosaur action, but instead a wild pig running through what looks like a wild forest – pretty clearly running from something in fear. A voice calls out that there is a pig on the loose, and it becomes clear that the pig isn’t actually wild, but instead running around inside of a dinosaur paddock. From a trestle way above, a Jurassic World employee reaches down with an animal wrangling pole, but discovers in the worst way that the pig is moving too fast. This is because he winds up actually getting knocked off the railing and falls into the enclosure below. This wouldn’t be that bad, but the pen actually belongs to a pack of Velociraptors who are hunting and very happy to have a new kind of meat locked in with them. This sends everyone into alert mode, but it’s Owen Grady (Chris Pratt) who comes to the rescue, getting out in front of the fallen employee and holding out his arms in the hope of calming the creatures down.

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From there we see some of the footage that has already been in the trailers about the brand new attraction at Jurassic World, the genetically modified Indominus rex. It’s explained by Bryce Dallas Howard’s Claire Dearing that ticket sales spike whenever a new attraction is introduced, so corporate has decided that it would be best to introduce a new kind of dinosaur: one that is made from a secret cocktail of DNA and “built” to be bigger than the T-rex. Things start to get scary when it’s revealed that this new dinosaur actually killed its own sibling while in captivity, but things get much, much worse when it’s discovered that the creature is escaping.

From there we see Owen right outside of the Indomnius rex pen during the breakout, and he is understandably terrified. He hides under a truck as he watches people around him get stepped on and eaten, and then takes the initiative to crack the car’s fuel line and cover himself in gasoline to hide his scent. With nobody left to kill, the Indomnius rex begins to sniff around for more prey, and while Owen does his best to stay absolutely still, the giant dinosaur’s maw appears right next to the vehicle, both sniffing around and baring its teeth.

From this moment the footage cuts and has Owen calling for evacuation of the park – but in what very well could be an homage to Jaws, it’s explained by Claire that the Indominus rex is four miles out from the rest of Jurassic World and that evacuating the park is an overreaction. Unfortunately, it’s becoming clear that the loose dino is very interested in where it stands on Earth’s food chain, and Owen warns that what it winds up discovering only spells bad news. The creature’s intelligence is demonstrated when it’s noted that it has managed to remove its embedded tracking chip, and things only get worse when Owen and Claire find a field of dead Apatosauruses and realize that the dinosaur is not killing for food, but instead for fun.

The sizzle concluded with two sequences, the first moving away from the Owen and Claire action and instead focusing on Zach and Gray, the young brothers played by Nick Robinson and Ty Simpkins. They are in a travel orb checking out Jurassic World, and have slowed down to check out a pack of Ankylosauruses. Zach remarks how incredible it is to be so close to four living, breathing dinosaurs – but Gray corrects him and tells him that he means five. While the former doesn’t understand what he means at first, they both then turn to discover that the Indominus rex is right behind them, and begins to do its best to break into the orb.

Finally, the action then moved into the park proper, where Pterodactyls have been set loose from their enclosure due to a crashing helicopter, and begin terrorizing the many patrons of the theme park. One of the flying dinosaurs manages to grab a person and drops them over water – but then a giant Mosasaurus leaps out of the water and snatches the Pterodactyl with its giant jaws.

It was definitely a cool preview that did a good job of further exploring some of the interesting elements revealed in the trailer earlier this week, and we’re excited to see how it all comes together when Jurassic World arrives in theaters on June 12th.

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Scientist’s Discover New Species Of Dinosaur

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Despite the dinosaur’s extinction millions of years ago by what is thought to be believed by doom by a wayward comet, scientists have recently discovered an entirely new species that may have roamed the world 100 million years ago.
The species has been nicknamed the Sibirosaurus, a creature though to be related to the giant Titanosaurs, which are believed to have grown 40 meters tall and weigh 100 tonnes.
Titanosaurs were some of the biggest dinosaurs ever discovered up to date, and were the equivalent of NINE African elephants, or NINE double decker buses, at the astonishing 100 tonnes.
Titanosaurs have very long necks, whip-like tails, tiny heads, and thick stump-like legs. They were strict herbivores and were armored with small bony plates along their backs, which helped protect them from oncoming predators as they grazed. Titanosaurs are a diverse group of sauropod dinosaurs that includes the Saltasaurus, Diplodocus, and Brachiosaurus, and now the newly discovered Sibirosaurus.scientists_3249178b
It is believed some of the species used their long tails to crack whip like to deter predators, or make sonic booms. They are named after the mythical Titans of Ancient Greece, giant Demi-gods of incredible strength that rivaled the Gods.
The find by experts from the Tomsk State University was made in Russia, in Western Siberia, near the village of Shestakovo in the Kemerovo region in the Southwest, whose fossils were encased in rocks on the bank of the neighboring Kiya River. The university extracted fragments from fossils from the sandstone there. The area is known to be a dinosaur necropolis.
Based on preliminary examinations, the Sibirosaurus is thought to have been a very large herbivore, and rivaled the Titanosaurs, at 20 meters tall.
Experts say it took years of research just to uncover that it was its own separate species.
Dr. Stephan Ivantsov, a scientist from the university working in the Laboratory for Mesozoic and Cenozoic Continental Ecosystems said, “When we discovered this finding, it was only clear that the remains belonged to a very large herbivorous dinosaur from the sauropods group. It was the first scientifically described dinosaur from this group in Russia.”
The dinosaur is thought have lived in the Cretaceous period, about 100 million years ago. The newly discovered giant is named Sibirosaurus, after Sibir, the Russian word for Siberia. Experts believe a foot that was found at the same location in 1995 may also belong to the newly discovered species.
For anyone interested in traveling to see them, the bones, including a shoulder blade, and a cervical vertebrae, will be exhibited permanently in Paleontological Museum at Tomsk State University.

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Dinosaur footprints uncovered on beach after giant tide

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(NEW YORK) — A giant tide on France’s North Atlantic coast on Saturday enabled paleontologists to find hundreds of dinosaur footprints on a beach in the Western region of Vendee.

The 200 million-year-old footprints measure about 17 inches wide and are only visible when the tide is low. They were discovered in 1963 by a local engineer and chemist Gilbert Bessonnat.

“This open-air museum of dinosaur footprints counts among the richest we have from the Jurassic era,” local authorities said on the city hall website.

France’s National Hydrographic Service was expecting more than 15.3 yards difference between low tide on Saturday afternoon and high tide in the evening.

The trail would have been left by animals measuring between 8-feet 2-inches and 9-feet 10-inches, amateur paleontologists told French TV while visiting the site. A dozen different species are known to have lived on a 26,000-foot tall mountain, now a cliff eroding into a beach.

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Birmingham scientists discover killer dinosaur newt the size of a car

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Artist impression of the newt, Metoposaurus algarvensis which has been discovered by scientists
A killer newt the size of a small car terrorised lakes and rivers during the rise of the dinosaurs, Birmingham scientists have discovered.

The ferocious amphibian, a distant relative of salamanders living today, took the place of crocodiles as one of the Earth’s top predators more than 200 million years ago.

Fossil remains of the species, Metoposaurus algarvensis, were found buried at the site of an ancient lake in southern Portugual which may have been home to several hundred of the creatures, said scientists.

Report author Dr Richard Butler, from the University of Birmingham, said: “Most modern amphibians are pretty tiny and harmless. But back in the Triassic these giant predators would have made lakes and rivers pretty scary places to be.”

Dr Steve Brusatte, from the University of Edinburgh’s School of GeoSciences, who led a study of Metoposaurus published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, added: “This new amphibian looks like something out of a bad monster movie.

“It was as long as a small car and had hundreds of sharp teeth in its big flat head, which kind of looks like a toilet seat when the jaws snap shut. It was the type of fierce predator that the very first dinosaurs had to put up with if they strayed too close to the water, long before the glory days of T.rex and Brachiosaurus.”

The family of giant salamander-like amphibians to which Metoposaurus belonged included other species found in parts of modern-day Africa, Europe, India and North America.

All were wiped out during a mass extinction 201 million years ago, long before the death of the dinosaurs.

This event marked the end of the Triassic Period, when the super landmass of Pangaea, which included all the world’s present-day continents, began to break apart.

The extinction killed off many groups of vertebrates, including giant amphibians, and paved the way for dinosaurs to take over the Earth.

Members of the Portuguese Metoposaurus colony are thought to have died when the lake they inhabited dried up.

Only a four square metre fraction of the site has been excavated so far, and work is continuing in the hope of unearthing more fossils.

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Inside the Museum at Prairiefire, dinosaur research roars to life

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Erica Knetter and daughter Emma Knetter, 5, of Tonganoxie, Kan., studied an exhibit on Tyrannosaurus rex in motion Saturday at the opening of “Dinosaurs: Ancient Fossils, New Discoveries” at the Museum at Prairiefire in Overland Park. The exhibit runs through July 12. SUSAN PFANNMULLER SPECIAL TO THE STAR Read more here: http://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article15766115.html#storylink=cpy

 

Jake Barbara had long bought into the “Jurassic Park” myth that a Tyrannosaurus rex could keep pace with a speeding vehicle.

That thinking was destroyed quickly Saturday when the 11-year-old and his family toured the “Dinosaurs: Ancient Fossils, New Discoveries” exhibit at the Museum at Prairiefire.

When dinosaurs ruled Earth, the T. rex stood about 12 feet tall, weighed 15,500 pounds and was about 40 feet long. That “Jurassic Park” scene where the dinosaur escapes an electric fence and tries to make an evening snack of the frightened occupants of a fleeing Jeep was moviemaking poetic license.

In reality, T. rex was a slowpoke, perhaps not able to run at all. Its top speed barely hit 10 mph.

“I was disappointed,” said Jake, who attends California Trail Middle School in Olathe. “But I still think they look cool.”

The exhibit at the Overland Park museum opened Saturday and runs through July 12. It features a full-size cast skeleton of a T. rex, a variety of fossil specimens and fossil casts, interactive and touchable features, mounted dinosaur skulls and a 60-foot-long model of an Apatosaurus skeleton. Three large high-definition video screens behind the Apatosaurus illustrate the fossil skeleton.

Jake had bugged his parents for months to take him to the museum.

The exhibit was created by the American Museum of Natural History in New York. It examines how paleontologists have used enhanced technology to investigate and re-examine beliefs about dinosaurs.

For example, dinosaurs such as the T. rex may have had feathers and did not drag their tails while walking.

“We have enough facts to feed our brains and give us some real information,” said Uli Sailer Das, the museum’s executive director. “But there are so many unknowns about them that a lot is left to the imagination. The science keeps on progressing and they are making new discoveries.”

Taylor Jones of Kansas City was thrilled as she and her family walked through the exhibit. The fifth-grader earlier created her own mosasaur while using an interactive feature. The display allowed Taylor to create the creature and then have it appear moments later on video screens in the entrance of the museum.

“It looked pretty cool and I wanted to learn something about it,” she said. “I really haven’t learned anything about dinosaurs before, so this will really help me in school.”

The dinosaur exhibit also featured the Liaoning Forest, which was in eastern Asia. The 700-square-foot diorama depicts a variety of animals that lived in the forest 130 million years ago.

“We discover new species and we learn new information about dinosaurs all of the time,” Das said. “We now think that T. rex was covered in feathers and may have even had a feathered head crest.

“I bet that is new to a lot of people.”

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Feds to return 70-million-year-old dinosaur fossil to Mongolian government

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The feds filed court papers to return this 70-million-year-old fossil to the Mongolian government after a dealer allegedly attempted to smuggle them into America.

The feds are sending home a 70-million-year-old Mongolian dinosaur.

Its fossilized skull and vertebrae, that is.

Brooklyn prosecutors have filed a lawsuit to seize the stolen remains, which the fossil dealer falsely described in shipping documents as a cheap replica of dinosaur bones from France.

Last January, the ancient bones were shipped through the United Parcel Service by Geofossils Inc. of France with its destination a storage facility in Long Island City, Queens, according to papers filed in Brooklyn Federal Court.

But suspicious Customs and Border Protection officers put a hold on the shipment and sought further documentation.

The fossil dealer confessed that the skull and vertebrae were originally from Mongolia and also clarified that although the UPS invoice stated that the items were being sold for $3,400, a buyer had actually agreed to a purchase price of $250,000, according to the court papers.

U.S. officials contacted the Mongolian government, which tracked down the original copy of the certificate of origin cited by Geofossils Inc.

The paperwork described the shipment only as four traditional dwelling structures. The Geofossils certificate of origin provided to the feds had been altered to add references to a combination of dwellings and Tarbosaurus dinosaur fossils in the shipment, Assistant U.S. Attorney Karin Orenstein alleges in the suit.

“Property of cultural and historic significance that has been stolen from other countries will not find safe harbor in our ports,” said Brooklyn U.S. Attorney Loretta Lynch.

“We are proud of our ongoing role in the repatriation of stolen and smuggled cultural property to its rightful owners.

“The fossils are the rightful property of Mongolia and cannot be sold to non-Mongolians or permanently exported out of the homeland,” Lynch said.

 

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Jurassic World movie spoilers: Rumors of trilogy; Chris Pratt to battle Indominous Rex this time

 

jurassic-world“Jurassic World,” the highly anticipated fourth installment of director Steven Spielberg’s dinosaur film series “Jurassic Park,” is set to be released on June 12 this year. The movie’s teaser trailers have generated huge excitement among fans and feature prominent actors in the new film in a refreshing change since the original film was released 22 years ago.
In the upcoming Jurassic World film, Chris Pratt plays Owen Grady, a dino wrangler who can control the velociraptors in the park. Pratt is joined by Bryce Dallas Howard, who portrays Claire Dearing, the resourceful and adventurous caretaker of the dinosaur park. Other artistes starring alongside Pratt and Howard in Jurassic World will be Jake Johnson, Judy Greer, Nick Robinson, Ty Simpkins, Katie McGrath, Vincent D’Onofrio, Lauren Lapkus, Omar Sy, and Jurassic Park’s scientist BD Wong.

Breaking away from the trend in previous “Jurassic” films of featuring the T-Rex as the most heavyweight dinosaur that causes great damage to victims and even kills them, the “Jurassic World” trailer shows a different dinosaur wreaking havoc this time. The dinosaur featured in the upcoming Jurassic World film is called the “Indominous Rex” who is believed to have been created after an experiment to increase visitors to the park goes horribly wrong, making it the scariest dinosaur ever.

In the latest tweet from Jurassic World, a stunning photo features Chris Pratt running heroically, tweeted with the caption, “Don’t look back. #JurassicWorld.” The photo contains the text “If something chases you… run,” the line that was uttered by Judy Greer to her son going to the dino park in the first Jurassic World trailer.

There are rumors that Jurassic World is a part of a trilogy series and will be followed by two sequels. Apparently, Pratt will make it past the first film to be joined by Omar Sy who works with him as a raptor tamer in the movie. However, there has been no official confirmation about the sequel rumors and fans will have to wait until June 12 to find out.

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No, a Dinosaur Skull Hasn’t Been Found on Mars: Why We See Familiar Looking Objects on the Red Planet

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The dinosaur on Mars, the Face in Cydonia, the rat, the human skull, the Smiley face, the prehistoric vertebrae and the conglomerate rock. Something is amiss in this montage and shouldn’t be included. (Photo Credits: NASA/JPL)

What is up with the fossils on Mars? Found – a dinosaur skull on Mars? Discovered – a rat, squirrel or gerbil on Mars? In background of images from Curiosity, vertebrae from some extinct Martian species? And the human skull, half buried in photos from Opportunity Rover. All the images are made of stone from the ancient past and this is also what is called Pareidolia. They are figments of our imaginations, and driven by our interest to be there – on Mars – and to know that we are not alone. Altogether, they make a multitude of web pages and threads across the internet.

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Is she or isn’t she, a face on the red planet Mars? Discovered in the thousands of photos transmitted to Earth by the Viking orbiter in the 1970s, the arrival of Mars Global Surveyor included Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) which revealed details that put to rest the face of Cydonia. Actually, it is alive and well for many. (Photo Credits: NASA/JPL- Viking/MGS, GIF – Judy Schmidt)

Rock-hounds and Martian paleontologists, if only amateur or retired, have found a bounty of fascinating rocks nestled among the rocks on Mars. There are impressive web sites dedicated to each’s eureka moment, dissemination among enthusiasts and presentation for discussion.

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At left, MSL’s Curiosity landed not far from a sight hard to leave – Yellow Knife including sight “John Klein”. Inset: this authors speculative thought – mud chips? At right, is Mars enthusiasts’ Bone on Mars. (Photo Credits: NASA/JPL, Wikimedia)

NASA scientists have sent the most advanced robotic vehicles to the surface of Mars, to the most fascinating and diverse areas that are presently reachable with our technology and landing skills. The results have been astounding scientifially but also in terms of mysteries and fascination with the strange, alien formations. Some clearly not unlike our own and others that must be fossil remnants from a bygone era – so it seems.

Be sure to explore, through the hyperlinks, many NASA, NASA affiliates’ and third party websites – embedded throughout this article. Also, links to specific websites are listed at the end of the article.

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The Dinosaur skull on Mars is actually dated from Martian Sol 297 (June 7, 2013). The imager used to return this was the MASTCAM and an historic array of landscapes, close-ups and selfies has been produced by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI). Other MSL Curiosity cameras are the NAVCAM, cameras for navigation, HAZCAM and MARDI camera. The array of images is historic and overwhelming raising more questions than answers including speculative and imaginative “discoveries.” (Photo Credit: NASA/JPL)

The centerpiece of recent interest is the dinosaur skull protruding from the Martian regolith, teeth still embedded, sparkling efferdent white. There are no sockets for these teeth. Dinosaur dentures gave this senior citizen a few extra good years. The jaw line of the skull has no joint or connection point with the skull. So our minds make up the deficits, fill in the blanks and we agree with others and convince ourselves that this is a fossilized skull. Who knows how this animal could have evolved differently.

But evolve it did – within our minds. Referencing online dictionaries [ref], “Pareidolia is the imagined perception of a pattern (or meaning) where it does not actually exist, as in considering the moon to have human features.” I must admit that I do not seek out these “discoveries” on Mars but I enjoy looking at them and there are many scientists at JPL that have the same bent. Mars never fails to deliver and caters to everyone, but when skulls and fossils are seen, it is actually us catering to the everyday images and wishes we hold in our minds.

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No one is left out of the imagery returned from the array of NASA’s Martian assets in orbit. Mars exhibits an incredible display of wind swept sand dunes (center photo). (Photo Credits: NASA, Paramount Pictures)

The “Rat on Mars” (main figure, top center) is actually quite anatomically complete and hunkered down, having taken its final gasps of air, eons ago, as some cataclysmic event tore the final vestiges of Earth-like atmosphere off the surface. It died where it once roamed and foraged for … nuts and berries? Surprisingly, no nuts have been found. Blueberries – yes – they are plentiful on Mars and could have been an excellent nutritional source for rats; high in iron and possibly like their Earthly counterpart, high in anti-oxidants.

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The Blueberries of Mars are actually concretions of iron rich minerals from water – ground or standing pools – created over thousands of years during periodic epochs of wet climates on Mars. (Photo Credits: NASA/JPL/Cornell)

The blueberries were popularized by Dr. Steve Squyres, the project scientist of the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission. Discovered in Eagle crater and across Meridiani Planum, “Blueberries” are spherules of concretions of iron rich minerals from water. It is a prime chapter in the follow-the-water story of Mars. And not far from the definition of Pareidolia, Eagle Crater refers to the incredible set of landing bounces that sent “Oppy” inside its capsule, surrounded by airbags on a hole-in-one landing into that little crater.

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When the global dust storm cleared, Mariner 9’s first landfall was the tip of Olympus Mons, 90,000 feet above its base. Two decades later, Mars Global Surveyors laser altimeter data was used to computer generate this image(NASA Solar System Exploration page). At left are sand dunes near the north pole photographed in 2008 (APOD) by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera. The sand dunes challenge scientists’ understanding of Mars’ geology and meterology while fueling speculation that such features are plants or trees on Mars. (Photo Credit: NASA/JPL)

Next, is the face of Mars of the Cydonia region (Images of Cydonia, Mars, NSSDC). As seen in the morphed images, above, the lower resolution Viking orbiter images presented Mars-o-philes clear evidence of a lost civilization. Then, Washington handed NASA several years of scant funding for planetary science, and not until Mars Global Surveyor, was the Face of Cydonia photographed again. The Mars Orbiter Camera from the University of Arizona delivered high resolution images that dismissed the notion of a mountain-sized carving. Nonetheless, this region of Mars is truly fascinating geologically and does not disappoint those in search of past civilizations.

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At left, drawings by Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli coinciding with Mars’ close opposition with Earth in 1877. At right, the drawings of Percival Lowell who built the fine observatory in Flagstaff to support his interest in Mars and the search for a ninth planet. H.G. Wells published his book “War of the Worlds” in 1897. (Image Credits: Wikipedia)

And long before the face on Mars in Cydonia, there were the canals of Mars. Spotted by the Mars observer Schiaparelli, the astronomer described them as “channels” in his native language of Italian. The translation of the word turned to “Canals” in English which led the World to imagine that an advanced civilization existed on Mars. Imagine if you can for a moment, this world without Internet or TV or radio and even seldom a newspaper to read. When news arrived, people took it verbatim. Canals, civilizations – imagine how imaginations could run with this and all that actually came from it. It turns out that the canals or channels of Mars as seen with the naked eye were optical illusions and a form of Pareidolia.

So, as our imagery from Mars continues to return in ever greater detail and depth, scenes of pareidolia will fall to reason and we are left with understanding. It might seem sterile and clinical but its not. We can continue to enjoy these fascinating rocks – dinosaurs, rats, skulls, human figures – just as we enjoy a good episode of Saturday Night Live. And neither the science or the pareidolia should rob us of our ability to see the shear beauty of Mars, the fourth rock from the Sun.

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Having supported Mars Phoenix software development including the final reviews of the EDL command sequence, I was keen to watch images arrive from the lander. The image was on an office wall entertaining the appearance of a not-so-tasty junk food item on Mars. (Photo Credit: NASA/JPL/Univ. Arizona, Illustration – T.Reyes)

In the article’s main image, what should not be included is the conglomerate rock on Mars. NASA/JPL scientists and geologists quickly recognized this as another remnant of Martian hydrologics – the flow of water and specifically, the bottom of a stream bed (NASA Rover Finds Old Streambed on Martian Surface). Truly a remarkable discovery and so similar to conglomerate rocks on Earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Latest ‘Jurassic World’ Trailer Puts The T-Rex Out Of The Limelight With A New Kind Of Dinosaur! What Is It Called?

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Latest news about the “Jurassic World” trailer has been making the rounds on the internet, despite the fact that a certain amount of time has already passed since its release.

Previous films under the franchise usually features the T-Rex to be the main dinosaur causing terror amongst the parties involved. This time, there seems to be a new kind of dinosaur to take its place.

As previously reported, a new kind of dinosaur has been teased at the trailer. Called the “Indominous Rex,” it is set to have come about after a failed experiment ensued in hopes of creating a new attraction for the park. The “Indominous Rex” will be wreaking havoc as the trailer reveals a mishap that caused the said dinosaur to be let loose. It is then up to Chris Pratt, who will be playing lead role in the film, to stop the animal and restore peace in the park.
Chris Pratt will be taking the role of Owen, who will be the care taker of a dinosaur park that occupies a whole island. He will be joined by Bryce Dallas Howard, set to portray the role of Beth, and Ty Simpkins as Gray.
The official press release for the upcoming film is as follows, as taken from the “Jurassic World” trailer official website:
“Steven Spielberg returns to executive produce the long-awaited next installment of his groundbreaking Jurassic Park series, ‘Jurassic World.’ Colin Trevorrow directs the epic action-adventure from a screenplay he wrote with Derek Connolly. Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley join the team as producers.”
News about a next “Jurassic World” trailer is also rumored, as the film nears its release date of June 12, 2015.